The task of transplanting a plant that we just bought may seem simple but, in reality, it is not so . It is necessary to take into consideration some things before doing it.
The transplant is something that is not natural for the plants and the change of container means a great waste of energy for them. We have to think that this step is not necessary if they were in their natural habitat.
Transplant represents an important change for plants, and if not done well can weaken them. In some cases, this weakening affects them greatly and can end them without remedy. Next, we will see some recommendations to transplant newly purchased plants.
Aspects to take into account when transplanting
The time of year
To transplant a plant that we just bought, either to the ground or to a pot, it does not matter the time of year. It can be done at any time, since the plant will not suffer much. The transplant can be immediate.
If the transplant is done from the ground to a pot, the situation is different. If so, there is damage to the roots so it is necessary to wait until the vegetative activity of the plant is minimal. The best time of the year to do it is in winter .
If, on the other hand, the transplant is from a pot to the ground, it is essential to take irrigation into consideration . This is particularly important in case the transplant is performed in summer. The plant should receive enough water because otherwise it will dry very easily.
Choose the pot where to transplant
One of the most important aspects when transplanting plants is to choose the pot well. A too small pot will be harmful to the plant, but a too large one too . In this last case, the plant could receive too much irrigation, which would end up killing it.
It is necessary to observe the development of the plant and choose a pot that adapts to its evolution, always leaving a few centimeters both in depth and width. In the same way, if it is a plant that is still very small and will grow a lot, it is preferable to make two or more transplants depending on the size.
As for the material of the pot, both the clay and plastic have their advantages and disadvantages . The plastic pots have the great advantage of being cheap and very light, so they are easy to transport.
One of the drawbacks is that the sun, over time, can weaken the material and the pot can break. Another problem with plastic pots is that, as it is not a porous material, the root system of the plant can have a difficult time rooting.
The clay pots are very resistant and allow the roots to develop properly . Also, from an aesthetic point of view , they are undoubtedly much better than plastic ones. Their disadvantage is that they are more expensive and that if they fall or hit each other they break.
The extraction of the plant
The extraction of the plant is the most delicate part of the transplant, especially if it is being transplanted from one pot to another. It is necessary to remove the plant with great care so that the ground base that is around it does not fall apart. If this happens, adapting the plant to your new container may be more difficult.
Irrigation is an element that contributes a lot to facilitate this task . Once the soil is well wet, we proceed to hit the pot to help the earth to detach from it. Finally the plant is taken by the main stem or trunk and extracted.
Introduction in the new flowerpot
To introduce the plant in the new pot it is important to try to make sure that it is well in the center , neither too high nor too low from the edge. Finally, you must fill the pot with more substrate, exerting pressure with the fist of the hand, so that the earth will remain compact.
It is important to prepare the substrate beforehand, depending on the requirements of each plant. It can be a definitive element for durability over time.